Open Gauquelin Database

Data processed by g5 are imported in a postgresql database, named the Open Gauquelin Database, abbreviated ogdb
Sometimes also called the g5 database.
It contains the notions of Source, Person and Group.

The database can be browsed and downloaded from

Class diagram

G5 database class diagram
Cardinalities use UML syntax for the directions,
and Merise notation for the values.
1 source is related to 0 or more persons
0 => a source can exist without being related to any person.
1 person is related to 1 or more sources
1 => a person cannot exist in the database without being related to a source.

  • Information sources, origin of the data manipulated by g5.
  • Famous people who are studied.
  • A collection of persons.
    Groups are used for several purposes, in particular to group persons by occupation.


The structure of the entities are described in yaml files located with the source code of the model.
    ├── templates
    │   ├── Person.yml
    │   ├── Group.yml
    │   └── Source.yml
    ├── Group.php
    ├── Person.php
    └── Source.php
For example, file Person.yml contains an empty person with all its fields empty.

This provides to the code a precise definition of the entities, used as the description of a new type.

G5 unique id

All entities have one unique id: its slug.
A slug is a string that can be used in a URL.
It only contains lower case letters without accents [a-z], digits [0-9], and hyphen (-).

A slug is unique within a given type - ex: 2 groups cannot have the same slug.

Entity typeSlug example
Source lerrcp
Occupation artist
Slugs can be used as a unique identifier for an entity, but they are not stable, they may change, for example if the name or birth date of a person is corrected.
For this reason, some entities (persons and groups) have another unique id - a traditional numeric id generated by the database management system, used to manage the links between the entities.

See in particular persons, for which other identifiers are defined.

DB implementation

The database uses postgresql.
SQL to create the tables are located in src/model/db-create
G5 database uses jsonb type to store structured (hierarchical) fields.

Examples of queries

The use of jsonb type implies to use an unusual syntax to query the database.
Show person with Gauquelin id = 'A1-514':
select * from person where partial_ids->>'lerrcp'='A1-514';

# jsonb values of a person partial_ids field:
{"ertel": "ES-4137", "lerrcp": "A1-514"}
Show the same person using the field ids-in-sources:
select * from person where ids_in_sources->>'a1'='514';
select * from person where ids_in_sources @> '{"a1": "154"}';
Select the number of persons related to info source LERRCP (present in Gauquelin publications):
select count(*) from person where partial_ids ? 'lerrcp';
select count(*) from person where partial_ids->>'lerrcp'::text != 'null';
List persons whose name has not been restored yet (family name starting by "Gauquelin-", see page on Gauquelin series A).
select ids_in_sources from person where name->>'family' like 'Gauquelin-%' order by ids_in_sources;
List persons from Müller's list of 1083 medics (afd5), born in Paris and not present in Gauquelin files.
select slug,ids_in_sources from person where ids_in_sources ? 'afd5' and not(partial_ids ? 'lerrcp')  and birth->'place'->>'name' ilike 'Paris';
List person with issues (when issues were stored as a jsonb array in table person):
select * from person where jsonb_array_length(issues) != 0 order by slug;
Compute the number of persons with a birth time:
select count(*) from person where length(birth->>'date') > 10 or length(birth->>'date-ut') > 10;
List different countries present in the database:
select distinct birth->'place'->>'cy' as country from person order by birth->'place'->>'cy';
List birth years
select distinct substring(birth->>'date', 1, 4) from person order by substring(birth->>'date', 1, 4);
How many persons have missing birth time in Ertel group ?
select count(*) from person where partial_ids->>'ertel'::text != 'null' and length(birth->>'date') <= 10 and birth->>'date-ut' is null;
How many persons are in of one the skeptic groups ?
select count(*) from person where partial_ids::JSONB ? 'cpara' or partial_ids::JSONB ? 'csicop' or partial_ids::JSONB ? 'cfepp';
How many persons are in of one the skeptic groups but not in Ertel file ?
select count(*) from person where (partial_ids::JSONB ? 'cpara' or partial_ids::JSONB ? 'csicop' or partial_ids::JSONB ? 'cfepp') and not partial_ids::JSONB ? 'ertel';